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작성일 : 21-10-05
[Etc] Recombinant selenoproteins, Human Thioredoxin Reductase

 

Recombinant selenoproteins, Human Thioredoxin Reductase

 

SeLENOZYME uses a cutting-edge technology, resulting from over 30 years of research at Karolinska

Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden. Their recombinant system allows them to produce purified and active

selenoproteins from human and most other naturally occurring selenoproteins, or other tailored synthetic

selenocysteine-containing proteins. At present SeLENOZYME has more than 25 selenoproteins in their

portfolio.After request SeLENOZYME has the ability to produce all 837 selenoproteins yet identified in nature,

as well as synthetic selenoproteins tailored to customer requirements.

 

SeLENOZYME's recombinant production system uses bacteria instead of mammalian cells, making the

production of active selenoproteins more effective and cost-efficient. Selenozyme has established a state-of-

the-art protein production facility to supply our customers with selenoproteins at any desired scale and purity

and at very competitive prices compared to selenoproteins purified from native sources.

 

All selenoproteins contain a rare amino acid, selenocysteine, which has limited their use in research,

therapy and diagnostics. Up until now, customers have been forced to purchase either inactive

selenoproteins, lacking the essential selenocysteine residue, or active selenoproteins obtained from animal

sources, being expensive, ethically questionable and providing very low yields.

 

Since all selenoproteins by definition contain the rare amino acid Selenocysteine (Sec), it has previously

been very hard to obtain them in pure form or to produce them recombinantly, due to the complex genetic

system required for co-translational Sec insertion.

 

Recombinant Human Thioredoxin Reductase 1

Non-tagged, 499 residues

 

The human TrxR1 selenoprotein is encoded by the TXNRD1 gene and exerts a wide range of functions in

cytosolic redox control and antioxidant systems.

SeLENOZYME provide the main cytosolic isoform of the human TrxR1 enzyme with more than 90% Sec

contents and more than 95% purity in aliquots at amounts from 5 units to 50 units.

Other specific isoforms of TrxR1 can be made to order.

 

Recombinant Human Thioredoxin Reductase 2

Non-tagged, No signal peptide, 488 residues

 

The human TrxR2 selenoprotein is encoded by the TXNRD2 gene and exerts a wide range of functions in

mitochondrial redox control and antioxidant systems.

SeLENOZYME provide the main mitochondrial isoform of the human TrxR2 enzyme with more than 90% Sec

contents and more than 95% purity in aliquots at amounts from 5 units to 50 units.

Other specific isoforms of TrxR2 can be made to order.

 

Technology

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Scheme of reactions catalyzed by mammalian TrxR or parasite TGR selenoproteins

From Arnér ES. Focus on mammalian thioredoxin reductases–important selenoproteins with versatile

functions. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009;1790:495-526.

 

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Model of the selenoenzyme TrxR architecture, with its C-terminal arm containing Sec

From Zhong L, Arnér ES, Holmgren A. Structure and mechanism of mammalian thioredoxin reductase: the

active site is a redox-active selenolthiol/selenenylsulfide formed from the conserved cysteine-

selenocysteine sequence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:5854-5

 

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Scheme of quinone interactions with the Sec-containing active site of TrxR

From Cenas N, Nivinskas H, Anusevicius Z, Sarlauskas J, Lederer F, Arnér ES. Interactions of quinones with

thioredoxin reductase: a challenge to the antioxidant role of the mammalian selenoprotein. J Biol Chem.

2004;279:2583-2592.

 

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Coomassie-stained SDS-PAGE with pure GPX1 made by Dr. Qing Cheng, CTO at

SeLENOZYME

 

 

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Model of the C-terminal Sec-containing site of TrxR1 as based on the crystal structure

From Cheng Q, Sandalova T, Lindqvist Y, Arnér ES. Crystal structure and catalysis of the selenoprotein

thioredoxin reductase 1. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:3998-4008

 

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Scheme of a Sel-tag in reduced selenolthiol as well as oxidized selenenylsulfide forms

From Johansson, L., Chen, C., Thorell, J. et al. Exploiting the 21st amino acid—purifying and labeling

proteins by selenolate targeting. Nat Methods 1, 61–66 (2004)

 

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Principle of making Sel-tagged proteins

From Cheng, Q., Stone-Elander, S. & Arnér, E. Tagging recombinant proteins with a Sel-tag for purification,

labeling with electrophilic compounds or radiolabeling with 11C. Nat Protoc 1, 604–613 (2006)

 

 

Ordering informations

    

Catalog No.

Product Name

Size

HTRXR1 (PDF)

Recombinant Human Thioredoxin Reductase 1

5 / 10/ 20/ 50 units

HTRXR2 (PDF)

Recombinant Human Thioredoxin Reductase 2

 

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